RAISING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF VIETNAM RUBBER PRODUCTS
Vietnam’s rubber industry is deeply integrating into the world market. Opportunities to expand the export market of Vietnamese rubber products continue to be opened through commitments from free trade agreements that Vietnam has been preparing to sign.
Vietnam’s rubber industry is deeply integrating into the world market. Opportunities to expand the export market of Vietnamese rubber products continue to be opened through commitments from free trade agreements that Vietnam has been preparing to sign. However, in the context of fierce competition today, the Vietnam Rubber industry faces many difficulties and challenges. To enhance the brand name of Vietnam Rubber, it is necessary to synchronously implement solutions on planning, tax, market, investment, development and processing of preliminary rubber products, quality management, and brand building. … to effectively participate in global value chains.
Vietnam’s rubber production and processing industry is one of the important agro-forestry production industries in the Vietnamese economy. Rubber trees have been brought to Vietnam by the French since 1897, initially grown mainly in the southeastern provinces such as Dong Nai, Binh Duong, Binh Phuoc and Tay Ninh. Then, in 1955 a number of enterprises (DN) and smallholders in Vietnam invested in rubber tree planting in the South and Central Highlands. By the end of the 1960s, the total rubber area in Vietnam was expanded, reaching about 142,000 hectares and yielding about 79,650 tons (Nguyen Thi Hue, 2006).
In the period of 1958 – 1963, rubber trees continued to be replicated, planted in provinces such as Quang Tri, Quang Binh, Nghe An, Thanh Hoa, Phu Tho, the cultivated area reached about 6,000 ha and gradually decreased during the period. During the war, there were about 4,500 hectares left in 1975 (Tran Thi Thuy Hoa, 1993).
Since 1975, recognizing the importance of rubber trees to economic development, the Government of Vietnam has issued many policies to encourage and expand rubber production to meet increasing demand. high of export market. As a result, the country’s rubber area reached about 969,700 hectares in 2017, with 67% of the total area being in the stage of latex harvest. Participating in rubber production and processing includes many economic sectors, most of which are state-owned enterprises (most of which belong to the Vietnam Rubber Industry Group) and households (or smallholder rubber, the area accounts for about 51% of the total rubber area of the country).
Vietnam is one of the leading countries in rubber productivity in Asia. Average output has grown by 9.5% per year over the past decades, from 41,100 tons in 1980 to 1,094,500 tons in 2017, an increase of 26.6 times. With this output, Vietnam is the third country in the world in terms of natural rubber supply, accounting for about 8.1% of the total world rubber output, after Thailand (33.2% of the world market share). and Indonesia (27.2% of the world market share) (Association of Natural Rubber Producing Countries – ANRPC, 2018)